Founded in 1930 by a Norwegian missionary Karl Ludvig Reichelt, The history of the Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre derives from Reichelt. As of today, we continue fulfilling the same vision as we were 90 years ago.
"It was as though I heard the Lord's voice."
Karl Ludvig Reichelt
How it all began
Born in Norway, Reverend Reichelt was determined to preach the Gospel in China since he was young. After he graduated from seminary in 1903, owing to his excellent academic record, he was sent to China by the Norwegian Missionary Society (NMS). In 1904, he was preaching to the local villagers in Ningxiang, Hunan, China. In the following year, nearby, he visited a Buddhist temple named Weishan monastery, where he had his first contact and exchange with the Buddhists. This pivotal experience led him to a life-long mission of understanding of Chinese religions and dialogue with Buddhists.
In 1911, Reverend Reichelt went back to his hometown after he had completed his missionary work in China. In 1913, he went back to China and became a professor of the New Testament at the Lutheran Theological Seminary in Shekou, Hubei. In addition to his constant study of Chinese religions, he noticed a large number of Chinese Buddhist and Taoist believers. He began to have the vision of preaching to Buddhists, establishing a Christian Centre that is similar to a Buddhist monastery, where he can host, have a dialogue with, and build friendships with Buddhist monks, learning the truth all the while. When he was there, he visited many temples and made a handful of friends with the Buddhist monks. Besides, he traveled to many Northern European countries to communicate his vision and lobby the Mission churches the support for his work.
In 1922, Reichelt and his assistant missionary Notto Normann Thelle (1901-1990) arrived in Shanghai, China, and subsequently transferred to Nanjing. They rented a house and served as a Christian-Buddhist "brother home", where they officially began working and practicing Reichelt's missionary vision. Thereafter, they bought a land in Feung Run Men, Nanjing to institute Ching Fong Shan, it was well-equipped with facilities such as dormitories, church, and schools. Ching Fong Shan hosted itinerant Buddhist monks from all over the country, they exchanged ideas and learned from one another. In only 4 years, Ching Fong Shan hosted 5000 Taoist monks, and 50 of whom were baptized. Unfortunately, in 1927, the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) captured Nanjing, which then set off dozens of xenophobic violence incidents, and Ching Fong Shan was destroyed in the war. Reverend Reichelt and Reverend Thelle fled to Shanghai to seek refuge, later they rented a house in the French Concession as their temporary venue of Christian Mission to Buddhists (CMB), now Areopagos.
By the end of 1929, Reverend Reichelt and his colleague Axel S. Hamre decided to move CMB to Hong Kong from Shanghai. They first settled in Tai Po, after a month of searching, they finally found an abandoned mountain in Sha Tin, which was quiet and beautiful, refreshing and restorative—it was especially suitable for a retreat. Moreover, there were many monasteries in the area, and straight down the mountain there was the Kowloon-Canton Railway that will take them to Mainland China, so they can continue to visit the Buddhists in China. In 1930, they decided to purchase the mountain from the government with $3780 Mexican silver dollar and named it Tao Fong Shan, which symbolizes that the Word of God and Holy Spirit will resemble the wind in the air, traveling around the world and sending off breezes from Tao Fong Shan to people in tough times.
Later, the pastor invited his friend, a Danish architect, Johannes Prip-Møller (1889-1943) to design Tao Fong Shan. Prip-Møller pictured the Centre having a Chinese-style ambience, so that the Chinese Buddhists or Taoists can feel at home when they visit. Prip-Møller tried to incorporate as much traditional Chinese Buddhist temple design into the architecture as he could, referencing their building design and decoration in an attempt to adapt to the Chinese culture. Because the mountain was desolate and difficult to access from the outside, they hired more than 100 workers to build the roads and trails. It was not until 1931 that the opening ceremony was held. By 1938, after years of construction, the basics of the Centre were completed including Pilgrim's Hall which was used to provide accomdation to the monks, Thelle House and Reichelt House as dormitories for missionaries, Christ Temple and Lotus Crypt for prayer and worship, religious studies building for teaching, and the Conference Hall as reception. Not only did Tao Fong Shan become a centre of Christian-Buddhist exchange, but it also became a place of retreat, a spiritual instructor incubator, and a scenic attraction to hikers and tourists.
In 1946, Reverend Reichelt had been 69 years old and decided to go back to Norway to retire. Thereafter, Stag Hannerz continued the mission at Tao Fong Shan while Reverend Thelle was appointed to be Reichelt's successor, this was also the period when they launched new ministries. One of which was the development of porcelain painting Christian art. The emergence of this particular ministry was primarily because of the mountain's successful baptism of the increasing number of monks. After they left their Buddhist monasteries, they were no longer supported by them and their livelihood was on the line. Pastor Wang Ching Ch'ing and Pastor Hong Shi De thought of a way to help them self-sustain and make a living: porcelain painting. In 1947, Pastor Wang was introduced to Mr. Xie Zhong Wu in Shantou, he then invited him to set up the ministry at Tao Fong Shan and to take on the role as the ministry's teacher. The two pastors even converted the bathroom into a painting studio, and thus the Centre's Art ministry began. The porcelain artworks produced in Tao Fong Shan adopted traditional Chinese strokes and patterns, yet the theme of the painting must be based on biblical stories in order to promote the Gospel.
Reverend Reichelt was invited to teach at Lutheran Theological Seminary, Hong Kong; he returned to Tao Fong Shan.
On March 13, 1952, due to cerebral hemorrhage, Reichelt rested in the prescence of Christ at the age of 75, and his remains were buried in the Tao Fong Shan Christian Cemetery.
Spiritual practices at Tao Fong Shan
Tao Fong Shan consists of 10 places of worship, each not only has a unique meaning and story behind, but also a purpose. We worked with the pastors and spiritual directors to create a series of self-guided walks and meditations. We hope that you can practice a life of renewal and find your sense of purpose, thus deepening your faith and connection with God.
Our friends and partner
Areopagos is a Christian organization in Norway and Denmark, which dedicated to Christian spirituality, interfaith, and intercultural dialogue and religious practices work, advocating the unity of believers and sharing the love of Christ with people of different beliefs. Since the very inception, Areopagos has supported our work and has been an important mission partner to the Centre.
Tao Fong Shan Service Unit is in charge of building management and facilities rental for general public, believers, churches and its members for retreat and other spiritual purposes. It also provides support servics to the Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre (TFSCC) and the Institute of Sino-Christian Studies (ISCS).
The Institute of Sino-Christian Studies (ISCS) promotes locationization of Christianity for Chinese culture, dialogue between Christianity and Chinese religions, and enrichment of Chinese culture through studies on Sino-Chirstian theology.
Lutheran Theological Seminary owns a rich history of theological traditions. Formerly known as the reputable regional seminary for South-east Asia, the Seminary was founded in 1913 in Hubei, China, and served the Lutheran Church in China. Later, it moved to Hong Kong and subsequently became the theological education agency of the ELCHK.
Reverend Ole Skjerbæk Madsen
Endorsed by our mission partner Areopagos, Reverend Ole Skjerbæk Madsen is the founder of Christfulness, which invites people to have a deeper life in Christ. Ole spends his time partly in Hong Kong and leading his ministry at TFSCC, and partly in Denmark. Christfulness has its origin in the work of “In the Master’s Light” (IML), which is a bridge building ministry between Christians and spiritual seekers. Together with the staff at TFSCC, he explores ways to present Christian faith practice under Christfulness to the churches and the spiritual milieus of Hong Kong. Prior to Hong Kong, he graduated from University of Copenhagen with a Master’s degree in Divinity and has been a reverend since at Areopagos.
Reverend Dr. Lau Man Leung, Philze
As a Chinese culture enthusiast, Rev. Philze graduated from Hong Kong Shue Yan University with a B.A. degree in Chinese language. He was called to advocate spirituality ministry and later founded the Life Gospel with the help of a few experienced pastors, which is committed to promote spiritual intimacy with God to believers. In 2000, Rev. Philze came to Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre to study for Dr. P.C. Tam, Ekman’s Graduate Diploma in Spiritual Formation and Spiritual Direction, followed by a master’s and doctorate in divinity from the Lutheran Theological Seminary.
Reverend Dr. Chan Shing Tung, Johnathan
As the director of the Spirituality ministry at Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre, Rev. Johnathan graduated from McGill University in Canada with a B.S. degree, followed by a Master of Divinity from the China Graduate School of Theology, Hong Kong and graduate diploma in spiritual formation and spiritual direction from Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre through which he obtained a Doctor of Ministry degree in Spiritual Direction from the Graduate Theological Foundation (GTF).
Reverend Dr. Robinson Leung
After graduated from Northcote College of Education and University of Birmingham with a PGDE and degree in Philosophy of Education, and teaching at primary and secondary schools for many years, Rev. Robinson was called by God. He studied at China Graduate School of Theology, Haggai Institute, Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre, and Lutheran Theological Seminary for further study and received his MDiv (Counselling), a graduate diploma in Spiritual Formation and Spiritual Direction, and DMin with a concentration in Spiritual Direction. Prior to serving as a Spiritual Director at Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre, Rev. Robinson provides pastoral care at Tai Wai Church Kowloon Tong Alliance Church, Shatin Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and Church of Living Grace – Cheung Sha Wan for many years before he retired in 2007.
Mr. Ye Wan Shou
Mr. Ye Wan Shou is a guest spiritual director of Tao Fong Shan Christian, he is also the founder of Innerspace Counseling Service, a fellow and clinical supervisor of the Hong Kong Professional Counselling Association Limited (HKPCA), MBTI Step I & II, Enneagram & NLP trainer, as well as Accelerated Experiential Dynamic Psychotherapy(AEDP I, II, and III) trainer.
Reverend Chan Kwok Kuen, Patrick
Rev. Patrick is the director of The Tao in the world Limited and Lutheran Theological Seminary professor emeritus.
Brother Ng Wei Lit, William
Brother William is a friar at Franciscans, he held a bachelor degree in Environmental Studies (urban planning) from University of Waterloo, Canada; master’s degrees in Landscape Architecture and Divinity and Arts in Religion from University of Edinburgh, Fu Jen Catholic University, and Yale Divinity School; an education diploma from Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Reverend Dr. Bill C. Noble
Rev. Bill C. Noble is a licensed psychoanalyst and the priest-in-charge at St. James’ Episcopal Church, New Jersey, USA. He is a spiritual director and psychoanalyst in private practice and specializes in PTSD and integration of religious and spirituality into psychotherapy.
Sister Agnes Lee
Sr. Agnes is a spiritual director at the the Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Mother of God (S.M.I.C.) in Tainan, Taiwan. She spends many years practicing Chinese Christian Spirituality.
Dr. Celia Kourie
The University of South Africa professor emeritus is also a guest professor at St. Augustine College of SA. She specializes in Eastern and Western Mysticism amd Carmelite mysticism.
Sister Chen, Maria Stella
Sr. Agnes is a sister at the Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Mother of God (S.M.I.C.) in Taiwan. She practices Chinese Christian Spirituality for many years.
Dr. Evelyn E. Whitehead and Dr. James D. Whitehead
Dr. Evelyn and Dr. James are pastoral care consultants. Their works include Shadows of the Heart, Holy Eros and so on.
Phone： (852) 2694-4038
Fax： (852) 2694-4040
Address: 33, Tao Fong Shan Road, Sha Tin, Hong Kong
Coming by the MTR? You can simply take the public transport to Sha Tin station, next to the Sha Tin Rural Committee you will find a walking trail. It will take about 30 minutes if you choose to hike. Or, you can take the MTR to Tai Wai station, and then take a taxi to Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre.